The relationship between ownership and control of the mass. This study explores some of the issues in media ownership and control in nigeria. Media ownership monitor lebanon media ownership monitor. Concentration of media ownership also known as media consolidation or media convergence is a process whereby progressively fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media. Furthermore, under article of this act, a transfer of concession to a third party is an o. Instructions this form must be completed and submitted to medica health plans medica before entering into a contract with medica and annually. It is best suited for smallscale media houses, be it newspaper or news channel. Consequently, we can say that special media ownership rules exist across the.
Case study of two english news channels conference paper pdf available september 2015 with 7,689 reads how we measure reads. The current debate over media ownership limits this book presents a critical view of the current state of commercial mass media in america. The meaning of media control and some examples learn more. Although media ownership is a fairly straightforward concept, it can be further qualified according to a variety of forms. The constitution of slovenia guarantees freedom of speech and slovenia ranked 40th in the 2016 press freedom index report compiled by.
Media ownership monitor egypt media ownership monitor. Ghana has had a long tradition of state ownership and control of the media, dating back to preindependence times. The ethical implications of monopoly media ownership the. State and government owned media are under direct state or ruling party control and may therefore tend toward favouring incumbent parties or candidates. Disclosure of ownership, control and management information, and exclusions statement disclosure form i. Ownership and control of the mass media a sociological. Mainstream media in malaysia is mainly owned by political parties and heavily regulated by government. The regulatory framework in mexico has proven insufficient to limit the undue ownership concentration, which includes control of markets both within and across the freetoair and pay tv, radio, printed press and online media sectors. Ownership patterns of mass media india follows socialism and has mixed economy. Also, the sociological theories that question the control the owners have over the content shown on our televisions, read. Lecturer ii, department of mass communication, elizade. The information is primarily based on data from the registrar of companies and on the form iv statements carried by publications in the first quarter of each year. Blethen, media ownership and the quality of news as the federal communications commission considers changing rules.
Trends of ownership and control of media in south africa version 3. Ownership, of course, is not the only determinant of media content. In many cases, these companies control everything from initial production to final distribution. Individual ownership pattern in this kind of partnership, the individual has control, which allows him to take decisions for the company. Media ownership and news coverage of international con. Trends of ownership and control of media in south africa. Privatization of the media is the very 1st step of the conspiracy to control media in malaysia. This database attempts to track the shareholding of major media companies registered in india, as well as the media properties owned by a group, across different media. From the introduction of radio in the gold coast in 1935 and television in 1965 till the airwaves were liberalized in 1996, radio and television were controlled by the colonial and then the postcolonial state.
Media ownership and control versus press freedom in a democratic. Within the media watch program, we drew attention to the threat these issues pose to media pluralism in 2002 based on. Pdf the influence of media ownership and control on media. Pdf the influence of media ownership and control on. Mass media influence the way facts are viewed and debated in the society. Likely in the case of media, public authorities as well as private individuals both own the media in one or. Indias established media conglomerates have staunchly refused to accept the need for restrictions over ownership and control, arguing that this would result in devious and dubious forms of censorship and have resurrected the ghosts of the 197577 emergency. Newspaper editorials and broadcast commentators should urge fcc chairman michael powell to schedule a series of discussions. Hitchens introduction towards the end of 1992 and throughout 1993, companies in the united kingdom associated with press and broadcasting activities campaigned for changes to the media ownership and control rules. In the case of media ownership, the expression rights of the vast majority of people in society must be weighed against the property rights of the few people and corporations that control the media. In these interactive charts xlsx we reveal who owns what. Influences of media ownership patterns on media freedom and professionalism in nigeria independence led the people to organize nationalist movements. Within the media watch program, we drew attention to the threat these issues pose to media pluralism in.
Media ownership and control versus press freedom in a democratic africa ali a lecturer ii, department of mass communication, elizade universiy, ilaramokin ondo state, nigeria keywords. Following an overview of the indian media landscape, the remainder of the chapter focuses on print media newspapers, book publishing, and magazine publishing, audiovisual media radio, broadcast television, multichannel tv platforms, video channels, and film, telecommunications media wireline and wireless telecom, and. Ownership and control of the media sociology revision. Likely in the case of media, public authorities as well as private individuals both own the media in. The growth of these movements led directly to the birth of small newspapers. Media ownership elizabeth hart editorial independence the concentration of media ownership also matters because of its potential for the control of editorial matter, news and other information throughout the media. Media ownership is sometimes seen as a simple reflection of political conditions. The study made use of secondary sources of data collection i. As the fourth power in society, mass media organizations attract attention of many scientists. Through a history of mergers and acquisitions, these companies have concentrated their control over what we see, hear and read. The ownership and control of the mass media the big six. Defining mass media ownership and control media ownership and control medium channel of communication interpersonal onetoone mass many people onetomany dutton et al differentiated distance technology scale commodity new mass media both onetoone onetomany computer networks chatrooms peertopeer email manytomanytwoway producers as. Law, economics and policy in an indian and international context by suzanne rab, alison sprague at. Media control and ownership australian press council.
Ownership, control and political content a representative programming schedule taken from television listings published in the straights times newspaper in october 1999 appears below, and indicates the types of program content available during early. Therefore, the issue of ownership control and related effects should be explored. Mass media companies that exercise control over information transmitted to the masses are now seen as strong force in building public opinion. Ownership structure, as one of the factors on the organizational level, also affects the content of mass media messages. Media ownership matters because parent companies exert a homogenizing effect on the coverage of their media holdings, which can leave citizens with less frequent dimaggio 2009, zaller 1999, shinar 2003. Contemporary research demonstrates increasing levels of consolidation, with many media industries already highly concentrated and dominated by a very small number of firms. Take the following theoretical and somewhat fanciful exercise in attempting to change the players who own and control the daily newspaper interests. Npm will work to overcome any barriers to such ownership in fcc media ownership proceedings. The issues of media ownership and control can never be overemphasized due to the dwindling situations surrounding media practice in nigeria. There is a grain of truth in this, but it is clear that the reality is much more complex. Media ownership and its impact on media independence and. The media is said to take the coloration of where the practice is being carried out i.
To overcome the media divide, native americans need increased media ownership. Mass media ownership and its effects on different aspects of mass media performance. In many countries, even with private ownership, government regulates the media industry, provides direct subsidies and advertising rev enues to media outlets, restricts access to newsprint and information collec tion, and harasses journalists. Individual ownership pattern in this kind of partnership, the individual has control. Although the bsa allows for the licensing of private broadcasters, the licensing authority, the broadcasting. Research usually indicates three basic types of mass media ownership. Effects of mass media ownership on serving public interest. Media ownership patterns the ownership of the mass media namely. Foreign ownership in media is restricted both by aippa and the broadcasting services act bsa, which applies to the broadcasting sector. Mass media introduction the development in media technology around the. Therefore, before any media ownership laws were enacted, colonialism. Media ownership and control versus press freedom in a. Monitoring and ensuring ownership pluralism is the first step toward independence and freedom of choice.
Who owns the media in the philippines media ownership. Therefore, public as well as private sector both plays an important role in the growth of nation. The media that exists in our country is heavily influenced by the ownership form it takes. The influence of media ownership and control on media. Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both stateowned and forprofit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other salesrelated revenues. This section looks at ownership and control of the media, looking at the trends and patterns in ownership and control of a range of mass media and the theoretical perspectives on the relationship between ownership and control of the media. Media ownership preface the issues of media ownership concentration and the formulation and implementation of an effective media legislation received considerable attention in recent years. Low literacy levels may account for low print media population reach. The influence of media ownership and control on media agenda setting in nigeria international journal of humanities social sciences and education ijhsse page 38 3. Pdf the issues of media ownership and control can never be overemphasized due to the dwindling situations surrounding media practice in. To revise your understanding of media ownership, and be able to explain the implications for film institutions and audiences. We can approve control activities that would normally be prohibited learn more. The media of slovenia refers to mass media outlets based in slovenia. Economic pressure need to keep advertisers sweet so avoid offensive or controversial story.
These include horizontal the ownership of distinct but similar media products, vertical the ownership of. Media ownership and democracy in the digital information age. Concerns over ownership of media and their effects on pluralism first arose in the late nineteenth century with the development of politically active press barons. The findings further showed that the current media ownership pattern and the level of media control in nigeria actually hinder the media from independently. The understanding of the ownership and control of the media is highly based on the six giant companies who own it and their contemporary developments. Independence and pluralism in media, public opinion and views including criticism of people in power are the safeguards of a healthy democracy. Pdf exploring the issues in media ownership and control in nigeria. Media ownership and the quality of news nieman reports.
It examines the media through the lens of the public policy debates about limits on the number and type of media outlets that a single firm can own. Therefore, he takes responsibility for all the policy making decisions and is also accountable for them. Four companies account for 77% of all minutes of news consumed in the uk ofcom 2010. Pdf this study explores some of the issues in media ownership and control in nigeria. Pdf the role of media ownership in creation and delivery. This chapter examines media ownership and concentration in india. Hundreds of local and regional radio and television stations comprise the u. The influence of media ownership and control on media agenda setting.1402 3 142 1210 614 1094 370 1495 1455 786 701 1158 831 802 691 245 886 1470 1409 865 158 589 203 1407 18 593 331 776 957 1645 658 219 1018 1007 49 1028 528 661 984 211