Heritage is what we have accepted as gifts from those who came before us. Cultural tourism as a form of cultural consumption has been a particularly important topic for sociological studies in the field. Internationally, particularly in the tourist sector, photographs of victoria falls, great zimbabwe, and wildlife are symbols of the national history and natural heritage. Zimbabwe tourism operations should be actively integrated into the great market of african tourism through strengthening tourism cooperation with other strategic african tourists destination centers to enhance bundled marketing of tourism and create multinational tourist routes in africa. The major cultural groups in zimbabwe are the shona and the ndebele. Is zimbabwe ready to venture into the cultural tourism. The research explored the skills gaps and shortages within the museums and cultural heritage sector. The zimbabwe bird is superimposed on the flag, and while the flag symbolizes independence, the zimbabwe bird represents continuity with the precolonial past. Faculty of commerce midlands state university gweru, zimbabwe and university of otago department of tourism dunedin new zealand abstract over the last two decades, tourism has developed into a major economic, cultural and social preoccupation. While fragile, intangible cultural heritage is an important factor in maintaining cultural diversity in the face of growing globalization.
The impacts of tourism development at domboshava national core. Zimbabwe has long relied solely on abundant wildlife resources to attract. This preliminary piece of research provides an initial understanding to inform future skills to respond to the preliminary identification of a potential opportunity in country, a researcher from cultural skills worked. Pdf on jan 1, 2014, simon makuvaza and others published the world heritage sites of zimbabwe. Arrivals had reached 2 million visitors per year contribution to 7% to gdp and 15% to formal employment. Traditional arts in zimbabwe include pottery, basketry, textiles, jewellery and carving. The main aim of the conference was to identify innovative and creative strategies for the development, promotion and marketing of culturebased tourism in africa in the new millennium. March 2012 national heritage and cultural tourism strategy page 3 of 60 2. Found near bulawayo, zimbabwes second largest city, the khami ruins and national monument are relics of a civilization in many ways similar to the one remembered at the great zimbabwe location. This paper outlines the discussion surrounding the definition of cultural tourism and also asks the question whether the term cultural tourism is still appropriate to cover the increasingly wide variety of activities that now tend to be included. Chipinge cultural tourism, which can be described as travel by which the tourist is concerned with experiencing cultural environments like landscapes, arts, the lifestyle of locals, values, language, religion, traditions and events has gained ground in south east zimbabwe. With a new policy focus, according to enca 2014, zimbabwes tourism minister walter mzembi, announced plans to increase the european market from % to 31% of the countrys tourism industry market.
Upbeat about the prospects of economic and social development that tourism could have for zimbabweans, mr vote thebe, regional director of the arts gallery in bulawayo said a government ministry should be given seed money and be tasked to start community based projects on creating an arts and craft industry with money earned being ploughed back into the community, as what happens with campfire. The situation of the cultural heritage has deteriorated during recent years as a result. Pdf towards the development of cultural tourism as an alternative. The impacts of tourism development at domboshava national. The main aim of the conference was to identify innovative and creative strategies for the development, promotion and marketing of culture based tourism in africa in the new millennium. Cultural tourism, a value addition alternative for zimbabwe siwadi p. Zimbabwe has long relied solely on abundant wildlife resources to attract tourists. The names of those participating in the research are included at the. In general, tourism development within a host community often has impact.
Research, development and some conservation issues. This means you do not need a yellow fever vaccination to visit zimbabwe, if you are travelling into zimbabwe from a country that does have yellow fever, you will need to display a vaccination certificate when you enter zimbabwe. Tourism development induces changes on the social character of a destination. Cultural heritage is often expressed as either intangible or tangible cultural heritage icomos, 2002.
Over the last two decades, tourism has developed into a major economic, cultural and social preoccupation and zimbabwe has not lagged behind in this scenario. To discuss about the market of cultural tourism and how can the onehit wonder cities diversify themselves, cgtns rachelle akuffo spoke to mark. It is also an industry that has many social and cultural or physical consequences. Cultural tourism, a value addition alternative for zimbabwe. Tourism, economic impacts, environmental impacts, social and. Tourism in zimbabwe experienced a boost after the countrys turbulent recent history seemed to settle down. Monare moselewapula community secondary school, botswana abstract. Cultural tourism is the subset of tourism concerned with a travelers engagement with a country or regions culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those people, their art, architecture, religion s, and other elements that helped shape their way of life.
Strategies for the new millennium in mombasa, kenya, december 2000. Zimbabwe benefits from tourism as an economic development tool. Zimbabwe, where both the country and the tourism sector are less developed than in the other two, and where tourism is not treated as a major sector of the economy or a major target for development. The different levels of culture will be the rituals, the heroes and the symbols of the given. Cultural tourism in southern africa emerald insight.
Sociopolitical and macroeconomic factors influencing. Generally tourism in zimbabwe has relied heavily on natural and heritage resources. Mark murphy talks about the market of cultural tourism. Tourism is an industry with enormous economic impacts. The impact of globalization on cultural identities 193 and meaning that form the intergenerational network which provides continuity to social life. Is zimbabwe ready to venture into the cultural tourism market. Such changes affect the sustainable development of the destinationand the relationship between hostsnd tourists. Event tourism has grown over the past years and the zimbabwean events calendar boast of some popular and exciting events locally, regionally and. Considerable opportunities for expansion exist in safari, beach, business, and diaspora tourism, including tourism product development opportunities ssa source. Malaria is present in certain areas at certain times of the year, so visit your doctor or travel clinic to discuss prophylactics. The social and cultural impacts of tourism can result in changes to patterns of behaviour, lifestyle and the quality of life of the inhabitants or local people.
Request pdf is zimbabwe ready to venture into the cultural tourism market. Zimbabwes cultural heritage a new series of guidebooks. Some years ago an initiative was started to publicise zimbabwes varied cultural and historical resources. Cultural heritage tourism 5 introduction to cultural heritage tourism tourism a big and growing business before delving into cultural heritage tourism, one must first understand how tourism in general can act as a driver for community revitalization. While this industry has increasingly become an important source of income in a number of countries, its rapid growth and expansion has had a noticeable detrimental effect on the environment. Pdf cultural tourism, a value addition alternative for. A case study of bahurutshe cultural village for tourism in botswana naomi moswete university of botswana, botswana, jarkko saarinen university of oulu, finland university of johannesburg, south africa and masego j. Community involvement and participation in tourism.
Cultural heritage tourism transit for livable communities. The shona people were the founders of great zimbabwe, the ancient capital city of the regional empire. The shona people have created many sculptures and carvings which are made with the finest materials available. Cases from south africa, namibia, zimbabwe and botswana were discussed. The purpose of this study was to explore how tourism development is affecting the social carrying capacity of zimbabwes victoria falls rural peripheries.
Cultural tourism is a rapidly growing area of the tourism industry timothy, 2011 and is regarded by the unwto as a major element of international tourism consumption, accounting for an estimated. Area of study the mahenye ecotourism venture is a joint venture agreement between the local shangaanspeaking peoples. This makes it more vulnerable to policies taken for other sectors. An under standing of the intangible cultural heritage of different communities helps with intercultural dialogue, and encourages mutual respect for other ways of life. Cultural heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation, including customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values. Sep 11, 2017 the first part of the book is looking more into the theoretical understanding of cultural tourism in southern africa. Such a vision could not be understood except from the perspective of the observation of observers since in the receptivity of the point of view of tradition by each new generation what has. This research provides evidencebased findings to inform the development of new products and programmes in the sector. At its peak in 1999, the tourism sector showed an annual growth of 18%.
The research was designed to look at the event tourism aspect of the tourism industry of zimbabwe. Tourism has become the largest and one of the fast growing industries globally and is currently a source of employment and livelihood for many, especially in africa. It features the stone walls enclosures of an ancient civilization and the cultural hallmarks of a great mambo, or king. Definition of cultural heritage cif icomos home page. Culture of zimbabwe history, people, traditions, women. The role and importance of cultural tourism in modern tourism. Zimbabwe has many different cultures, which may include beliefs and ceremonies, one of them being shona. The success of tourism in developed countries has inspired zimbabwe to give recognition to the industry as the main driver in national economic development. Heritage is anything valued by people today that was also valued by previous generations. Pdf purpose zimbabwean tourism, whose drawcard is wildlife, has.
Themed ethnic village resort escalates cultural tourism at the kenyan coast duration. Much of this research has sought to understand the cultural tourism audience and in particular the variation and stratification within it. Opportunities and management challenges for sadc destinations article pdf available in acta academica 453. Waterfalls, big five national parks, and the eastern highlands provide contrasting but complementary images of southern africa, with the growing tourism infrastructure helping visitors see the best of what the country offers. The role and importance of cultural tourism in modern. The impact of culture on tourism cultural tourism is one of the largest and fastestgrowing global tourism markets. Over the last two decades, tourism has developed into a major economic, cultural and social preoccupation and zimbabwe has not lagged behind in this. Tourism is a huge business both in the united states and the world over.695 1571 314 1407 1513 1260 780 1231 1450 1073 1084 925 1032 1303 490 915 141 1510 869 1491 260 1024 807 1390 1205 1078 1375 198 1192 264 667 392 954 1446 558 904 940